1 preceding all others in time or being as first made or performed; "the original inhabitants of the Americas"; "the book still has its original binding"; "restored the house to its original condition"; "the original performance of the opera"; "the original cast"; "retracted his original statement"
2 (of e.g. information) not secondhand or by way of something intermediary; "his work is based on only original, not secondary, sources"
3 being or productive of something fresh and unusual; or being as first made or thought of; "a truly original approach"; "with original music"; "an original mind" [ant: unoriginal]
4 not derived or copied or translated from something else; "the play is original; not an adaptation"; "he kept the original copy and gave her only a xerox"; "the translation misses much of the subtlety of the original French"
1 an original creation (i.e., an audio recording) from which copies can be made [syn: master, master copy]
- First in a series
- The original manuscript contained spelling errors that were
fixed in later versions
- This recording is by the original broadway cast.
- The original manuscript contained spelling errors that were fixed in later versions
- Newly created
- Tonight we will hear an original work by one of our best composers.
- Fresh, different
- The paper contains a number of original ideas about color perception.
- Parker was one of the original bebop players.
- Having as its origin
- This kind of barbecue is original to North Carolina.
first in a series
- Chinese: 原 (yuán), 原始 (yuánshǐ)
- Czech: původní
- Dutch: origineel
- Finnish: alkuperäinen, ensimmäinen
- French: original
- German: original
- Greek: αρχικός (archikós)
- Hungarian: eredeti
- Italian: originale
- Japanese: 本来の (ほんらいの, honrai no)
- Korean: 최초의 (choechoui)
- Portuguese: original
- Russian: первоначальный (pervonačál’nyj), первичный (pervíčnyj), исходный (isxódnyj)
- Serbian: самобитан (samobitan)
- Spanish: original
- Swedish: original-
- Finnish: alkuperäinen, ensimmäinen
- German: ursprünglich
having as its origin
- Finnish: peräisin
- German: ursprünglich
- Swedish: ursprunglig
- ttbc Chinese: 原始的 (yuánshǐ de)
- ttbc Dutch: origineel, originele
- ttbc French: original , originale
- ttbc Italian: originale m|f
- ttbc Japanese: 元の (はじめの, hajime no)
- ttbc Korean: 원래 (wollae)
- ttbc Portuguese: original m|f
- ttbc Spanish: original m|f
- ttbc Swedish: original- (1), ursprunglig (1), originell (3),
- An object (e.g. narrative work) from which all later copies and
variations are derived
- This manuscript is the original
- A person with a unique and interesting personality
- You're an original
object from which all later copies and variations are derived
person with a unique and interesting personality
- ttbc Chinese: 原物 (yuánwù)
- ttbc Crimean Tatar: öz
- ttbc Dutch: origineel
- ttbc French: original
- ttbc German: Vorlage (1), Original (1,2,3)
- ttbc Italian: originale
- ttbc Japanese: 原物 (hanbutsu)
- ttbc Korean: 고유 (goyu)
- ttbc Latin: originalis
- ttbc Portuguese: original
- ttbc Spanish: original
- ttbc Swedish: original (1, 2, 3), förlaga
- For the Wikipedia policy, see Wikipedia:No original research.
Originality is the aspect of created or invented works by as being new or novel, and thus can be distinguished from reproductions, clones, forgeries, or derivative works. An original work is one not received from others nor one copied based on the work of others. The term "originality" is often applied as a compliment to the creativity of artists, writers, and thinkers.
Originality in law
In law, originality has become an important legal concept with respect to intellectual property, where creativity and invention have manifest as copyrightable works.
In the patent law of the United States and most other countries, only original inventions are subject to protection. In addition to being original, inventions submitted for a patent must also be useful and nonobvious.
In United States copyright law and the law of many other states, copyrights protect only original works of authorship, a property which has been historically and legally linked to a concept of "creativity". A work must pass a threshold of originality in order to be copyrightable.
In United Kingdom intellectual property law, a derived work can demonstrate originality, and must do so if it is to respect copyright.
An original idea is one not thought up by another person beforehand.
Sometimes two or more people can come up with the same idea independently.
- derivative work
- Feist v. Rural and Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp. (USA)
- Copyright protection of photographs in Switzerland - describes the criteria for the originality of photographs in Swiss law
- In fiction narratology, an original is the first-published installment of a series of works, thus having sequels, prequels, interquels, etc.
- Synonyms: archetype, prototype (the first draft of an original work), model, template, and pastiche (an imitation of an archetype or prototype in order to pay homage to the original creator)
- Wikinfo is a website which accepts original material.
- href="http://www.google.co.uk/search%3Fhl%3Den%26q%3DGreat%2Bminds%2Bthink%2Balike%26btnG%3DGoogle%2BSearch%26meta%3D&sa=X&oi=print&ct=result&cd=1">http://www.google.co.uk/search%3Fhl%3Den%26q%3DGreat%2Bminds%2Bthink%2Balike%26btnG%3DGoogle%2BSearch%26meta%3D&sa=X&oi=print&ct=result&cd=1 The Complete Idiot's Guide to Philosophy
original in German: Originalität
original in French: Originalité
original in Hebrew: מקוריות
original in Japanese: オリジナル
original in Finnish: Alkuperäisyys
original in Swedish: Originalitet
Bohemian, ab ovo, abecedarian, aboriginal, actual, advanced, alien, antenatal, antetype, antitype, archetypal, archetype, article, authentic, autochthonous, autograph, avant-garde, basal, basic, basilar, beat, beatnik, beginning, biotype, bona fide, brainchild, breakaway, budding, callow, candid, card, card-carrying, case, central, character, classic example, commencement, composition, computer printout, conception, conceptive, conceptual, constituent, constitutive, copy, crackpot, crank, creative, criterion, crucial, demiurgic, derivation, deviant, dewy, different, dinkum, dissenter, document, draft, dropout, duck, earliest, eccentric, edited version, elemental, elementary, embryonic, endemic, engrossment, epitome, esemplastic, essay, essential, ever-new, evergreen, exploratory, extra, fair copy, fanatic, far out, fecund, fertile, fetal, fiction, final draft, finished version, first, first draft, firsthand, fledgling, flimsy, flower child, following the letter, forerunner, formative, foundational, freak, free and easy, fresh, fringy, fugleman, fugler, fundamental, generative, genesis, genetic, genotype, genuine, germinal, gestatory, good, grass roots, green, gut, head, held back, held in reserve, held out, heretic, heretical, hermit, heterodox, hippie, hobo, holograph, homebred, homegrown, honest, honest-to-God, ideational, ideative, imaginative, imitatee, immature, in abeyance, in embryo, in hand, in its infancy, in ovo, in the bud, inartificial, inaugural, inception, inceptive, inchoate, inchoative, incipient, incunabular, indigenous, individualist, infant, infantile, informal, ingenious, initial, initiative, initiatory, innovation, innovational, innovative, inspired, intact, introducer, introductory, inventive, inventor, kinky, kook, lawful, lead, legitimate, letter, lifelike, literae scriptae, literal, literary artefact, literary production, literature, lone wolf, loner, lucubration, maiden, maidenly, manuscript, master, material, matter, maverick, meshuggenah, mint, mirror, misfit, model, mother, nascent, natal, native, native-born, natural, naturalistic, neoteric, nestling, new, new departure, nonconformist, nonfiction, nonjuror, not cricket, not done, not kosher, notional, novel, nut, odd fellow, oddball, oddity, of the essence, offbeat, opus, origin, origination, originative, originator, outsider, paper, paradigm, parchment, pariah, parturient, pattern, penscript, piece, piece of writing, pilot model, pioneer, play, poem, postnatal, precedent, preceding, precursor, pregnant, preliminary, prenatal, primal, primary, prime, primeval, primitive, primogenial, primordial, printed matter, printout, pristine, procreative, production, productive, prolific, protogenic, prototypal, prototype, prototypical, provenience, pure, put aside, put by, queer duck, queer fish, queer specimen, quiz, radical, radix, rara avis, raw, reading matter, real, realistic, recension, representative, reproduction, reserve, revolutionary, rightful, rise, root, rudimental, rudimentary, rule, saved, screed, screwball, scrip, script, scrive, scroll, second draft, sectarian, sectary, seminal, sempervirent, shaping, simon-pure, simple, sincere, solitary, source, spare, spook, standard, starting, stem, sterling, stock, stored, strange, substantial, substantive, sure-enough, suspended, swinger, taproot, teeming, the written word, to spare, tramp, transcript, transcription, true, true to life, true to nature, true to reality, type, type species, type specimen, typescript, ugly duckling, unadulterated, unaffected, unapplied, unassumed, unassuming, unbeaten, uncolored, uncommon, unconcocted, unconformist, unconsumed, unconventional, uncopied, uncounterfeited, underived, underlying, undeveloped, undisguised, undisguising, undistorted, unemployed, unexaggerated, unexercised, unexpended, unfabricated, unfamiliar, unfanciful, unfashionable, unfeigned, unfeigning, unfictitious, unflattering, unfledged, unhandled, unheard-of, unimagined, unimitated, uninvented, unique, unorthodox, unprecedented, unpretended, unpretending, unqualified, unromantic, unsimulated, unspecious, unspent, unsynthetic, untapped, untouched, untried, untrodden, unused, unusual, unutilized, unvarnished, ur, urtext, verbal, verbatim, veridical, verisimilar, vernacular, vernal, version, virgin, virginal, visioned, waived, way out, word-for-word, work, writing, yippie, young, zealot